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Image is a detail view of rear of Main St. in Columbia
 

Much of Columbia is protected as part of Columbia State Historic Park, and is one of the best preserved of the Mother Lode towns. This image is of the rear of some of the buildings on Main Street (the well known Wells Fargo building is on the right).

Gold was discovered in Columbia in 1850. By 1870 the mines in the area had produced 87 million dollars in gold. Columbia was the largest town in the Southern Mines area of the Mother Lode. At its prime there were 15,000 whites plus Chinese miners. After two disastrous fires in the 1850s, most of the buildings in town were rebuilt of brick with iron doors and shutters. Therefore many of the buildings in Columbia survived after the mines gave out in the 1870s and the population dwindled. In 1945 the State of California began buying and renovating buildings in Columbia to create the 273 acre state historic park.

Link to Wikipedia page for Columbia.


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